What’s the status of governmental support on rainwater harvesting?

The main governmental actors in water supply are:

  • the Ministry of Local Development (MoLD);
  • the Department of Water Supply and sanitation (DWSS);
  • the Department of Local Infrastructure and Rural Roads (DoLIDAR).

Water supply and sanitation policies are in place, as is a National Water Plan to address environmental concerns. Rainwater harvesting is included in these policies and plan, just like it is part of large programmes supported by the government – such as the RWSNN-II. Nevertheless, central planning, policymaking, implementation and monitoring by the Nepalese government are still insufficient. Indeed, policies are hardly implemented, if at all, and to the extent that they are, they often do not reach decentralised levels.

What do NGOs, financial institutions and the people do?

Over the course of many years, rainwater harvesting has been taken up by many organisations (like UN-Habitat, Wateraid, Helvetas SI Nepal, and many more – including RAIN and its partners). It’s being promoted both in rural and urban contexts. Although Nepal is one of the poorest countries in South Asia, there is a strong drive of the people to be self-sufficient. Past rainwater harvesting projects have demonstrated the potential for income generation through MUS (Multiple Use Services) of rainwater harvesting, as well as the willingness of people to take up a micro-credit.

After the implementation of a successful pilot, RAIN and its partners are now working on the business case development of rainwater harvesting. Thanks to the well-developed (micro)-finance sector, as well as the growing interest from the private sector, there is a great potential to mainstream rainwater harvesting in Nepal.

RAIN and its partners promote a variety of technologies, including 6.5m3 jars, but also larger (up to 40m3) above or below ground tanks, open ponds, etc. The focus is mainly on the implementation of roof top water harvesting for domestic use as well as on surface runoff harvesting for MUS: domestic use, biogas production, small scale irrigation and cattle watering. To guarantee the availability of (drinking) water for all these uses, it is now important to concentrate more on the potential of 3R (Recharge, Retention and Reuse of rainwater) at the sub-catchment scale, whereby excess water is buffered to be used and reused during dry periods.

Learn more: contact RAIN at info@rainfoundation.org.


May 30, 2015
An orientation on Roof Top Farming is currently ongoing (30 may, 2015) in Birendranagar Municiality, Surkhet. The orientation program is being attended by 20 local women of Birendranagar Ward No 6 & ...
May 15, 2015
As a follow up of the preliminary workshop for development of Urine Application Curriculum for JTA course held in December 2014, the final workshop has been held on May 15, 2015 in Birendranagar, ...
Apr 08, 2015
With an objective to manage the solid waste in the area, the project on Productive Reuse facilitated an orientation on waste management and compost manure production. The orientation was provided to ...
Apr 08, 2015
ENPHO facilitated an interaction amongst the Ecosan Farmers of Latikoili on April 4, 2015. The mentor farmers (Mr. Gyan Bdr Rawat and Mr. Chitra Bdr. KC) who have been conducting research on urine ...
Mar 09, 2015
Starting on women's day, 8 March 2015 in Kathmandu, a two days training on Recharge, Retention and Reuse based Water Use Master Plan (WUMP+3R) was organized by WARM-P/HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation ...
Dec 31, 2014
ENPHO conducted sharing on the activities conducted under the Productive Reuse Project on December 31, 2014 at Birendrangar Municipality. The sharing was held under “Programme Sharing ...
Dec 31, 2014
ENPHO conducted sharing on the activities conducted under Rain Water Harvesting Project on December 31, 2014 at Birendrangar Municipality. The sharing was held under “Programme Sharing ...
Dec 29, 2014
ENPHO facilitated a dialogue amongst the Government Institutions, Academicians, JTA schools, and Journalist pertaining to the issues and implications on development and inclusion of Urine Application ...
Oct 20, 2014
ENPHO has conducted global Hand washing Day2014 celebration by conducting several programs in Birendranagar municipality. The program in BNM Municipality office showed and engagged the community ...

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